UPI Almanac for Thursday, March 31, 2016

Daylight saving time went into effect in the U.S. for the first time, Terri Schiavo dies 14 days after removal of her feeding tube … on this date in history.

Today is Thursday, March 31, the 91st day of 2016 with 275 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mercury and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, and Uranus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Aries. They include French philosopher Rene Descartes in 1596; Austrian composer Franz Joseph Haydn in 1732; poet Edward FitzGerald in 1809; boxer Jack Johnson, the first African-American to hold the heavyweight title, in 1878; comedian Henry Morgan in 1915; actor/singer Richard Kiley in 1922; author/motivational speaker Leo Buscaglia in 1924; United Farm Workers President Cesar Chavez in 1927; actor William Daniels in 1927 (age 89); hockey Hall of Fame member Gordie Howe in 1928 (age 88); fashion designer Liz Claiborne in 1929; author John Jakes in 1932 (age 84); actor Shirley Jones in 1934 (age 82); actor Richard Chamberlain in 1934 (age 81); trumpeter/bandleader/music entrepreneur Herb Alpert in 1935 (age 81); political commentator Michael Savage in 1942 (age 74); actor Christopher Walken in 1943 (age 72); actor Gabe Kaplan in 1945 (age 71); actor Rhea Perlman in 1948 (age 68); former U.S. Vice President Al Gore in 1948 (age 68); actor/former football player Ed Marinaro in 1950 (age 66); actor Ewan McGregor in 1971 (age 45).

On this date in history:

In 1889, the Eiffel Tower was dedicated in Paris in a ceremony presided over by its designer, Gustave Eiffel, during the Universal Exhibition of Arts and Manufacturers.

In 1906, the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (later renamed the National Collegiate Athletic Association) was established.

In 1918, daylight saving time went into effect in the United States for the first time.

In 1948, the U.S. Congress passed the Marshall Aid Act, a plan to rehabilitate war-ravaged Europe.

In 1954, the U.S. Air Force Academy was established at Colorado Springs.

In 1959, the Dalai Lama fled Chinese-occupied Tibet and was granted political asylum in India.

In 1968, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announced he wouldn’t seek re-election and simultaneously ordered the suspension of U.S. bombing of North Vietnam.

In 1971, U.S. Army Lt. William Calley was sentenced to life in prison for his part in the deaths of 22 Vietnamese civilians in what was called the My Lai Massacre. Public opinion polls and news reports indicated that most Americans believed the sentence was too severe; many said Calley was a scapegoat. His sentence was gradually reduced and he was paroled in 1974.

In 1991, the Warsaw Pact formally ended, with Soviet commanders surrendering their powers in an agreement between pact members and the Soviet Union.

In 1998, the U.N. Security Council voted to impose an arms embargo on Yugoslaviaafter unrest in the Serbian province of Kosovo turned violent.

In 2005, Terri Schiavo, a 41-year-old Florida woman in a persistent vegetative state since 1990, died 14 days after removal of her feeding tube amid a legal struggle over her fate that reached the White House and Supreme Court.

In 2007, Pakistan successfully tested its Hataf-II Abdali ballistic missile, believed capable of carrying a nuclear warhead.

In 2013, authorities announced the death toll from the collapse of a multistory building under construction in Tanzania reached at least 25. The toll would eventually be raised to 36.

In 2014, French President Francois Hollande, whose Socialist Party had widespread losses in recent elections, announced the formation of a new government.

A thought for the day: J.William Fulbright said, “In a democracy dissent is an act of faith.”

Source: The Almanac – March 31st – UPI.com

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