On Oct. 13, 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its Axis former partner.
Today is Saturday, Oct. 13, the 286th day of 2018 with 79 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mars, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include American Revolutionary War heroine Molly Pitcher in 1754; editorial cartoonist Herbert Block in 1909; former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in 1925; Jesse L. Brown, the first African-American naval aviator, in 1926; actor Melinda Dillon in 1939 (age 79); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Paul Simon in 1941 (age 77); Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones in 1942 (age 76); musician Robert Lamm, from the band Chicago, in 1944 (age 74); rocker Sammy Hagar in 1947 (age 71); horse racing Hall of Fame member Pat Day in 1953 (age 65); Chris Carter, creator of The X-Files, in 1957 (age 61); entertainer Marie Osmond in 1959 (age 59); former White House press secretary Ari Fleischer in 1960 (age 58); NBA coach Doc Rivers in 1961 (age 57); actor Kelly Preston in 1962 (age 56); football Hall of Fame member Jerry Rice in 1962 (age 56); Cuban Olympic gold medal high jump specialist Javier Sotomayor in 1967 (age 51); actor Kate Walsh in 1967 (age 51); actor Tisha Campbell-Martin in 1968 (age 50); figure skater Nancy Kerrigan in 1969 (age 49); actor Sacha Baron Cohen in 1971 (age 47); singer Ashanti in 1980 (age 38); Australian Olympic gold medal swimmer Ian Thorpe in 1982 (age 36); first daughter Tiffany Trump in 1993 (age 25); actor Caleb McLaughlin in 2001 (age 17).
On this date in history:
In 1775, the Continental Congress ordered construction of America’s first naval fleet.
In 1792, the cornerstone to the White House in Washington was laid. It would be November 1800 before the first presidential family — that of John Adams — moved in.
In 1903, the Boston Americans (later known as the Red Sox) beat the Pittsburgh Pirates to win the first modern World Series, five games to three.
In 1917, up to 100,000 people gathered in Fatima, Portugal, for the “Miracle of the Sun” and its strange solar activity and, for many, a reported glimpse of the Virgin Mary.
In 1943, conquered by the Allies, Italy declared war on Germany, its Axis former partner.
In 1972, Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 carrying 45 people, including a rugby team from Montevideo, crashed in the Andes mountains. It would take 72 days for rescuers to learn the fate of the survivors, and by that time, only 16 were left to tell their story. The survivor’s harrowing story was brought to the big screen in the 1993 feature film, Alive.
In 1972, more than 170 people were killed in a Soviet airliner crash near Moscow’s Sheremetyevo International Airport.
In 1987, Costa Rican President Oscar Arias Sanchez was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize — the first winner from Central America. Arias was recognized for his work promoting democracy and peace in Central America.
In 1990, Syrian forces move into Lebanon, removing Christian militia leader General Michel Aoun from power, effectively ending the Lebanese Civil War.
In 1994, two months after the Irish Republican Army announced a cease-fire, the Ulster Volunteer Force and Ulster Freedom Fighters, the two main paramilitary groups fighting to keep Northern Ireland with its Protestant majority in the United Kingdom, announced a cease-fire.
In 2003, renowned U.S. jockey Bill Shoemaker, winner of nearly 9,000 races, died at his home in San Marino, Calif. He was 72.
In 2010, after more than two months entombed half a mile under the Chilean desert, the first of 33 trapped miners were pulled to safety in a narrow passageway drilled through more than 2,000 feet of rock, to be followed in the next 24 hours by the rest of the crew in a dramatic finale to a remarkable rescue mission.
In 2013, a stampede by masses of worshipers crossing a bridge over the Sindh River at a Hindu festival in India’s Madhya Pradesh state killed more than 100 people and injured scores of others. A police official said people panicked as rumors spread that the bridge was collapsing.
In 2016, singer-songwriter Bob Dylan won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Dylan said he was honored by the reward, but missed the ceremony to receive it because of “pre-existing commitments.” He picked it up in April 2017.
A thought for the day: “Desire is the most important factor in the success of any athlete.” — Bill Shoemaker