The diet industry is shifting.
A major shift in American attitudes is changing the game for diet companies and the food industry.
Americans are no longer obsessed with just losing weight, and it is changing the dieting industry as a whole.
People looking to get healthy a decade ago turned to products like frozen, low-calorie Lean Cuisine meals and high-sugar, low-fat granola bars.
But the landscape has changed, and it doesn’t look like deprivation or diet products. The real emphasis for modern consumers is now on health.
An October 2015 report from the market research firm Mintel noted “the diet industry faces downward pressure as US adults also remain skeptical of the ingredients in diet-specific products and their effectiveness in managing weight.”
Though calorie restriction remained the most popular methodology of dieting, one of the three most important factors that consumers looked for in determining whether they would use a diet plan was whether it encouraged “long term healthy habits.” That was tied with its cost and was followed by whether it could fit into consumers’ day-to-day lifestyles.
This echoes the fact that there are two distinct ideologies when it comes to dieting, as Ruth Bernstein, the chief strategic officer at the imaging agency YARD, told Business Insider in an email.
“In segmentation studies on the food category, there are always two groups: ‘dieters’ and ‘balanced healthies.’ The dieters group perceive their nutritional intake as something that needs to be controlled and measured, using synthetic alternatives to fat and sugar as a means to achieve this,” she wrote. “This segment was driving the success of Weight Watchers and many trend diet crazes over the past two decades.”
People’s attitudes about crash dieting have changed, too — a trend that is killing the diet-soda industry as consumers abandon calorie restriction.
“With a greater understanding of the health benefits certain fats carry as well as the health concerns attached to synthetic alternatives, the balanced healthies eschew the Diet Cokes of this world, preferring coconut water or other enhanced waters, and are the drivers of the move towards portion control,” Bernstein said. “In the past five years, this mindset has become more mainstream.”
Further, people are aware of how a lot of “diet” food isn’t actually good for you (think: Splenda and diet cookies), and a lot of previously maligned foods, like fat, actually are.
That’s why so-called diets — or more accurately, “lifestyle programs” — like Whole 30 have become so popular. In fact, the program instructs participants to not weigh themselves during their journey. There is no emphasis on counting calories, either.
With this new focus on wellness and nutrition versus restriction and deprivation, people are more aware that health can come at many sizes. And since people love their bodies, regardless of their size, they are prone to care for the bodies and eat healthy foods.
“The current body positivity movement is driving a message that we should accept and make the most of our bodies, as opposed to see it as something our bodies as something that needs to be fixed and changed,” Bernstein said. “Many consumers are more focused on being strong instead of skinny, and while that shift doesn’t eliminate our desire to evolve and shape our bodies, and replace fat with muscle, there is a new understanding that in order to be fit and healthy, we need the proper nutritional intake.”
The trend is driving demand for products high in protein, evidenced by products like the increasingly popular Epic jerky bars.
Instead of adopting restrictive diets, consumers now understand that an informed regimen provides our bodies with the protein and fuel it needs.”
Aerie is a company that has championed the idea of self-love. Its #AerieREAL campaign has brought an anti-photo-altering movement into the mainstream by telling its young consumers that they are beautiful as they are. Notably, the company selected a curvy model, Iskra Lawrence, to be its spokesmodel.
And curvy models like Lawrence and Ashley Graham — who post photos of themselves working out — help solidify the new mentality by reminding consumers what exercise is actually about: health.
“I think there’s a sentiment out there that’s a really positive and great one and it’s about loving yourself, and loving not some you know fashion industry ideal of the perfect body what they’re telling me is the perfect body but loving your body,” Kathy Delaney, the global chief creative officer of Saatchi and Saatchi Wellness, told Business Insider. “Not working out to fit into a size two, but working out because it’s good for your heart and it’s good for your skin and it makes you feel better and it gets your endorphins going.”
Delaney agreed with the idea that this rise in self-care was why we had seen an uptick in boutique fitness. People want to spend money on taking care of themselves.
It appears that companies whose ideologies are not steeped in holistic pictures of wellness have had to recalibrate.
As Megan Garber of The Atlantic wrote in December, even Victoria’s Secret has been zeroing in on selling its Angels as strong with its emphasis on how fit they are and how much they work out — as though to appeal to what consumers want today (and that’s not women flouncing about in lingerie).
Traditional diet companies, like Weight Watchers, have made changes, too.
“The way we think about it is that we used to have a very narrow focus on weight, and now weight is one of things we focus on, but it’s not the only thing,” Gary Foster, Weight Watchers’ chief scientific officer, told Time in December. “The consumer sentiment is, ‘I still want to lose weight, but I’m thinking about in a more holistic way.”
This shift appears to be beginning to pay off. In its most recent quarter, Weight Watchers has seen an uptick in North American subscriptions by 11% year-over-year, though revenue remains down.
Lean Cuisine changed gears toward the end of last year, when the company rebranded itself to be about “well-being” and not just about “dieting,” Digiday reported.
“We were so closely linked to dieting,” Julie Lehman, Lean Cuisine’s director of marketing, told Digiday at the time. “That’s really not where women are in America when they think about food today. They want health their way, with their own choices. And the brand really wasn’t reflecting that.”
The company has even launched campaigns encouraging girls to filter out the word “diet” — though consumers may be excising that word from their lexicons on their own these days.
“It’s like healthy is the new thin in a way,” Delaney said. “And it’s all about really understanding what you’re putting in your body and the impact that can have on an overall health.”