The Almanac, Celebrity Birthdays, Today in History, November 25 –

Today is Monday, Nov. 25, the 329th day of 2013 with 36 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Sagittarius. They include industrialist Andrew Carnegie in 1835; pioneer German automobile designer Karl Benz in 1844; social reformer Carrie Nation in 1846; Pope John XXIII in 1881; New York Yankees slugger Joe DiMaggio in 1914; Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet in 1915; writer Poul Anderson in 1926; actors Noel Neill (Lois Lane in the “Superman” TV series) (age 93) and Ricardo Montalban, both in 1920, Kathryn Crosby in 1933 (age 80), Ben Stein in 1944 (age 69) and John Larroquette in 1947 (age 66); football Hall of Fame member Joe Gibbs in 1940 (age 73); singer Percy Sledge in 1940 (age 73); John F. Kennedy Jr. in 1960; singer Amy Grant in 1960 (age 53); and actors Billy Burke in 1966 (age 47), Jill Hennessy in 1968 (age 45) and Christina Applegate in 1971 (age 42).

On this date in history:

In 1783, more than 6,000 British troops evacuated New York City after signing the peace treaty ending the Revolutionary War.

In 1867, Alfred Nobel received a patent for dynamite.

In 1947, film industry executives announced that 10 directors, producers and actors who refused to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee would be fired or suspended.

In 1952, Agatha Christie‘s “The Mousetrap” opened in London. It became the world’s longest-running play.

In 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy, assassinated in Dallas three days earlier, was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

In 1970, renowned Japanese writer Yukio Mishima committed suicide after failing to win public support for his often extreme political beliefs.

In 1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon ordered the national highway speed limit cut from 70 mph to 55 mph to save lives and gasoline.

In 1986, U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced the resignation of national security adviser John Poindexter and the firing of Marine Lt. Col. Oliver North in the aftermath of the secret, illegal Iran arms sale.

In 1987, Chicago’s first black mayor, Harold Washington, died in office of a heart attack at age 65.

In 1992, the Czechoslovakian Parliament voted to dissolve the country at the end of the year into separate Czech and Slovak states.

In 1997, Ron Carey, president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, resigned amid questions about his management of union funds.

In 2001, hundreds of U.S. Marines arrived in Afghanistan near the southern city of Kandahar in the first major entry of U.S. ground troops in that country in the war on terrorism.

In 2002, warrants were issued in Los Angeles for the arrest of two former Roman Catholic priests on molestation charges, some allegations dating to the 1950s.

In 2003, a report by the United Nations and the World Health Organization said the infection and death rates of HIV/AIDS reached an all-time high.

In 2004, nine people, including three federal agents, were found dead at two locations near Mexico’s resort town of Cancun, all believed slain by drug traffickers.

In 2009, Israeli Cabinet ministers approved a 10-month freeze on construction of settlements in the West Bank as proposed by Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu.

In 2011, the United States launched an Atlas V rocket to look for life on Mars. Aboard was the rover Curiosity, which would explore the planet, searching for signs of life.

In 2012, military officials in Beijing announced the first successful landing of a Chinese fighter jet on the deck of the Liaoning, the first aircraft carrier built in China.

A thought for the day: “Surplus wealth is a sacred trust, which its possessor is bound to administer in his lifetime for the good of the community. The man who dies rich thus dies disgraced.” — Andrew Carnegie

The Almanac, Celebrity Birthdays, Today in History, November 25 –

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